Adapting Figuig Oasis to Climate Change through combined management of surface and groundwater

Date
January 2020 to December 2021
Countries
Members
Keywords
climate change
palmtrees
flooding
groundwater resources
Institutions
Université Mohammed Premier (Morocco)
Research fields
Agriculture and Food Sciences
Earth and Environmental Sciences

Rural areas in Morocco are facing strong negative effects from climate change. The Figuig Oasis is one of the most affected areas. Figuig is a very ancient city composed of seven Ksour (historic castles) and palmtree plantations, characterized by on original cultural heritage based on solidarity and social cohesion, allowing for a rational use of natural resources so far. The area is recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Figuig Oasis is situated on a transboundary aquifer, shared with Algeria. Desertification, drought and flooding have reduced agricultural production and have caused the closure of numerous commercial activities, leading to unemployment. The population is compelled to emigrate, abandoning the agricultural land and palm plantations. This project will provide a risk management assessment of the flooding, as well as an evaluation of the impact of global change on the groundwater resources, and assessment of potential mitigation strategies (such as artificial recharge), based on which recommendations will be formulated, aiming to better harness the affected community against the threat of these changes.